A. de Tocqueville apie Rusiją ir Ameriką

Vartau savo mėgstamo prancūzų politinio mąstytojo ir istoriko Alexis de Tocqueville knygą ,,Democracy in America“, kurią jis pradėjo rašyti 1831 m. viešėdamas JAV. Neįtikėtina, kaip būdamas toks jaunas jis pralenkė laiką ir išpranašavo dabartį. Cituoju eilutes, prie kurių paraštėje pasirašiau net tris šauktukus:

There are, at the present time, two great nations in the world which seem to tend towards the same end, although they started from different points: I allude to the Russians and the Americans. Both of them have grown up unnoticed; and whilst the attention of mankind was directed elsewhere, they have suddenly assumed a most prominent place amongst the nations; and the world learned their existence and their greatness at almost the same time. <…>

The conquests of the one are therefore gained by the ploughshare; those of the other by the sword. The Anglo-American relies upon personal interest to accomplish his ends, and gives free scope to the unguided strength and common-sense of the citizens; the Russian centres all the authority of society in a single arm. The principal instrument of the former is freedom; of the latter servitude.

Their starting-point is different, and their courses are not the same; yet each of them seems to be marked out by the will of Heaven to sway the destinies of half the globe.



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